Thursday, August 25, 2022

Why American Oklahoma state is in execution rush !!???? Well, because I previously posted a reminder about what went on with FBI/CIA in respect to prison operations in USA and abroad

In Finland, it all started in 2004 due to American fear related to my future political asylum location - they deemed Finland next to Norway and Sweden was according to MK Ultra interrogations a country with high probability I would attempt to settle in...disgusting, un-American, but implemented by

American CIA and FBI primarily on behalf of Southern Poverty Law Center which became involved in crime against me on behalf(at request) of FBI...Southern Poverty Law Center, however, came to conclusion my not being exactly the right material for one as I was opened to interracial dating and potential marriage and was trying to pull itself out of the task assigned to one by FBI - should say Washington DC(ERIC HOLDER, BARACK OBAMA, KAMALA HARRIS ETC ETC.)...Southern Poverty Law Center pressure me into corners of insanity, but further either realized that back in Slovenia situation was much insaner with side which requested crime against me via CIA and FBI or simply have chickened out as I was nowhere near to give in any of my convictions including the career one which priority was to obtain employment as law enforcement officer or FBI/CIA agent...they had nooo crime record on me regardless of circumstances they created and were left with nothing other but to blacklist me completely on employment market in US. Anyhow, SILENCE IS GOLDEN...ITS GOLDEN RUSH IN OKLAHOMA THIS TIME SUSHSHSHSHSH

On the other hand, my purpose in this life is not to bail out of jail serial killers/rapists etc. - offenders who provenly have with their conduct done harm to other members of society...READ ABOVE, MY GOAL IN US WAS TO BECOME A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER.

Oklahoma readies for 25 executions in 2 years. But critics question, 'Why the rush?'

Marquise Francis
·National Reporter & Producer
Thu, August 25, 2022 at 5:57 PM

Beginning Thursday, Oklahoma is set to execute its first of more than two dozen death row inmates over the next 29 months — an average of one execution per month over the next two years. If carried out in full, the unprecedented number of 25 executions would put to death 58% of the state’s death row inmates, which include a flurry of incarcerated individuals with mental health disorders and others who have maintained their innocence.

Given the state’s complicated history with executions, which includes botched procedures and a number of exonerations of death row inmates, both legal experts and critics alike are perplexed by the state’s fervor to kill so many people in such a short amount of time.

Side-by-side closeup images of John Hanson, Richard Fairchild, Richard Glossip and James Coddington.
Death row inmates slated to be executed over the next two years: John Hanson, Richard Fairchild, Richard Glossip, James Coddington. (Oklahoma Department of Corrections)

“Why the rush to execute 25 people?” Tracy Hresko Pearl, a professor at the University of Oklahoma College of Law, queried in an interview with Yahoo News, calling 25 executions in two years “horrifying.”

James Coddington was the first inmate to be executed and died on Thursday morning. Coddington, who’s been in jail since 1997 for killing a friend who refused to loan him $50 to buy cocaine, was denied clemency by Republican Gov. Kevin Stitt on Wednesday, despite the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board recommending him for clemency earlier this month. Coddington has repeatedly expressed remorse for the murder, and his lawyers say he’s worked to turn his life around for the better behind bars — all to no avail.

Julie Gardner, in profile, sits facing James Coddington with her hand on his shoulder as he faces the camera.
In this photo from a video, Julie Gardner, investigator at the Oklahoma Federal Defenders Office, sits next to death row inmate James Coddington as he speaks to the Oklahoma Board of Pardon and Parole on Aug. 3 in Oklahoma City. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)

“Oklahoma views its criminal justice system as, number one, infallible, and, number two, punitive, above all else,” Pearl said. “I think that the advent of DNA evidence has really shown us how often we get cases, and even very serious capital cases, wrong.”

In fact, according to the 2019 annual report by the National Registry of Exonerations, somewhere between 2 and 10% of all convicted individuals in U.S. prisons are innocent — a stat that many legal experts argue is far too high to legitimize capital punishment for anyone. Another report by the registry in 2020 found that more than half of the wrongful criminal convictions are caused by government misconduct, which rarely faces consequences.

“Misconduct by police, prosecutors and other law enforcement officials is a regular problem and it produces a steady stream of convictions of innocent people,” Samuel R. Gross, an emeritus professor at the University of Michigan Law School and a co-founder of the registry, told the Washington Post.

It’s an ugly truth that many have paid with their life, while others have paid financially.

State capital cases, or death penalty proceedings, cost state taxpayers 3.2 times more than non-capital cases on average, according to a 2017 study of the Oklahoma death penalty. More revealing, an analysis of 15 death penalty cases nationwide, from that same study, determined that seeking the death penalty results in an average of approximately $700,000 more in costs than not seeking death.

An execution bed sits empty next to a brick wall with a mirror and a floor to ceiling curtain.
An execution bed sits empty at Texas Death Row in Huntsville, Texas, April 25, 1997. (Photo by Per-Anders Pettersson/Liaison)

Complicating the death penalty’s implementation, certified physicians are barred from participating in the practice. The American Medical Association in July 2006 announced that any physician who participates in an execution violates their Hippocratic oath to protect lives. As a result, the state goes to extreme lengths to administer executions. Earlier this year it was revealed that Oklahoma paid a doctor $15,000 per execution (to check consciousness, verify the drugs being used and ultimately confirm death), plus another $1,000 a day for training. The high financial burden coupled with various moral and efficacy dilemmas associated with state-sanctioned executions for many critics presents a serious cause for concern.

“My hope is always that the state views the goal of its criminal justice system to be truth above all else,” Pearl said. “And I think that when a state rushes to execute a large number of people, what it’s doing is something very different than pursuing truth. It’s pursuing punishment above all else. And I think that should be incredibly disturbing for all Americans.”

Another concern for legal experts is transparency around where the ingredients that make up lethal injections for Oklahoma executions come from, something they say has always been shrouded in secrecy. Readily available information online details a three-drug method, which is the current protocol in at least 23 states, that includes a barbiturate that acts as a sedative and painkiller, a drug that causes paralysis such as vecuronium bromide and a dose of potassium chloride to stop the heart.

No information about where the drugs are obtained nor their efficacy is public information. The Oklahoma Department of Corrections, which is in charge of carrying out the executions, did not respond to multiple requests for comment from Yahoo News.

A guard with a baseball cap and rifle stands high above a prison compound, looking out at low buildings, parked cars and a flat landscape that extends to a cloudy sky.
A guard stands atop a tower looking out over the prison grounds of Joseph Harp Correctional Center in Lexington, Okla., in April 2004. (Photo by Erik Freeland/Corbis via Getty Images)

Andrea Digilio Miller, legal director for the Oklahoma Innocence Project, an organization dedicated to finding and resolving wrongful conviction cases in the state based at the Oklahoma City University School of Law, believes more transparency in the entire execution process would allow Americans to have more-informed views on the death penalty. In its absence, she says, many are left to think the worst.

“Who are we getting our [lethal injection] drugs from?” Miller probed in an interview with Yahoo News. “If these aren’t drugs that are really available on the open market, where are they coming from? And are they expired? I think those are the sorts of things that people should know so that it can inform their individual beliefs about the death penalty.”

Having spent more than two decades as a public defender in Oklahoma, Miller has at least six former clients who are on the list of 25 death row inmates that are slated to be executed in the next two years. Among those names includes Coddington.

For Miller, given Oklahoma’s deeply conservative values, which are anti-abortion and include having the strictest abortion ban in the country, the championing of the death penalty seems to go directly against the basic idea of preservation of life.

“We in this country talk so much about trying to protect children while they’re children, but then for the children who slipped in the cracks and the system doesn’t help, we’re more than willing to throw them away on the back-end when they make a mistake,” she said. “And that’s very much what the James Coddington story is.”

A hand-painted sign that reads Execute justice not people!! is seen in front of palm trees lit from behind by what appears to be a darkening sky.
A protester holds a sign during an anti-death penalty protest on the eve of the second federal execution in nearly four decades, June 18, 2001, in Santa Ana, Calif. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

“He came from abject poverty. He came from a very abusive background and a background where everybody in his life had substance abuse problems,” she added. “And every death row inmate I have ever represented suffered from the consequences of that type of trauma.”

In spite of advocates’ best efforts to delegitimize the death penalty in Oklahoma, the reality is that executions have been law of the land in the state for more than two centuries. Capital punishment was first introduced in Oklahoma in 1804 when Congress made criminal laws in the U.S. applicable to lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, which include present-day Oklahoma. At the time, only “willful murder” was punishable by the death penalty. Since then, Congress has expanded the scope to include several other offenses, including treason, espionage and rape.

The original death penalty law called for executions to be carried out by electric chair, but the Supreme Court deemed that unconstitutional in 1972. The current death penalty law, which was enacted in 1977, calls for executions to be carried out by lethal injection. From 1915 to 2022, Oklahoma has executed a total of 196 men and three women, according to the state’s own records.

But they haven’t all gone as planned.

In 2014, Oklahoma death row inmate Clayton Lockett squirmed and moaned for more than 40 minutes during his execution before suffering a heart attack. Just months later, another inmate, Charles Warner, complained, “My body is on fire,” according to witnesses as he was killed. Then just last year, a 60-year-old inmate, John Grant, vomited and convulsed as he lay on the gurney before he died, drawing sharp criticism for the practice.

Protesters stand in front of the U.S. Supreme Court building holding signs that read Save Richard Glossip.
An emergency rally for death row inmate Richard Glossip at the Supreme Court of the United States on Sept. 29, 2015, in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Larry French/Getty Images for

Richard Glossip, one of the 25 death row inmates scheduled to be executed, will likely eat his fourth last meal on death row. In 2015, just as he was set to be injected with the lethal cocktail, officials realized they had the wrong drug, sparing his life. Having always claimed innocence for a killing he was accused of, Glossip is hoping a last-minute appeal works in his favor.

Instead of Oklahoma leadership slowing down executions as numerous issues arise, the process and quantity are just picking up.

“Oklahoma did not execute anyone for over 6 years and 9 months, from mid-January of 2015 until late October of 2021,” Maria T. Kolar, an assistant professor of law at Oklahoma City University School of Law who teaches courses about criminal law and capital punishment, told Yahoo News in an email. “In an era when executions are at a new low nationwide for the modern era — for so many reasons — it seems reasonable to ask whether Oklahoma really wants to ‘lead the nation’ when it comes to executions.”

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